时间：2018-09-15 02:05:02 来源： 本文已影响 人
Mo Yan, male, formerly known as Mo Mo industry, February 17, 1955 was born in Shandong Gaomi, the first won the Nobel Prize for Chinese writers. He began his work since 1981, "Spring Night Rain started falling", in 1984 because of "transparent carrots" and fame. A series of local works full of "nostalgia" "resentment" of the complex emotions, known as the "root of literature" writers. 2011 Mo Yan by virtue of the novel "frog" won the Mao Dun Literature Award. Won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2012, winning the reason is: through the illusion of realism will be folk tales, history and contemporary society together. According to incomplete statistics, Mo Yan's works have been translated into at least 40 languages.
February 17, 1955, Mo Yan (tube Mo industry) was born in Gaomi County, Shandong Province, Dalan Township Ping Anzhuang.
Mo 's childhood coincided with the "three - year difficult period" in modern Chinese history. At that time, the country was hungry and hungry, and Mo Yan recalled in an open university speech in Hong Kong: "Our village starved to 18 people in a day.
Mo Yan primary school often peek "idle book", including "Fengshen Romance" "Romance of the Three Kingdoms" "Water Margin" "Scholars" "Youth Song" "Xiao Xiao" "Three Lane" "How is the steel made "and many more.
Mo Yan in the fifth grade when the "Cultural Revolution" drop out of school, in rural labor for 10 years, mainly engaged in agriculture, sorghum, cotton, cattle, mowing. During the Cultural Revolution, there was no book to see, he even read the "Xinhua Dictionary", especi儿童睡眠性癫痫病的症状有哪些ally like the dictionary in the word. Later, Mo Yan relied on "Chinese General History Compendium" this book through the Cultural Revolution years, and then carrying this book out of his hometown.
1976 Mo Yan joined the Chinese People's Liberation Army, served as squad leader, secretaries, librarians, teachers, officers and other staff. In the four years of office as a librarian, Mo Yan read a large number of literary books, the library more than 1,000 copies of literary books all read. He also saw many philosophical and historical books, including Hegel's "logic", Marx's "capital" and so on.
May 1981, Mo Yan's novel "spring night rain started falling" published in Hebei Baoding literary bimonthly "lotus pond", became Mo Yan published the first novel.
In 1982, Mo Yan was referred to the rank of cadres, the troops to restore the award, Mo Yan was granted captain rank, was later referred to as major, as deputy division of cadres. In May 1983, Mo Yan transferred to Yanqing General Counselor three five Council publicity director of the theoretical director.
In the autumn of 1984, the famous writer Xu Huaizhong in the People's Liberation Army Art Institute to create the Department of Literature, he saw Mo Yan's "folk music", very much appreciated, exceptional to Mo Yan to take the exam opportunities, Mo Yan successfully admitted to the PLA Academy of Arts Department of literature.
In early 1985, Mo Yan in the "Chinese writers" magazine published "transparent carrots" and fame. In the same year, Feng Mu in Beijing Overseas Chinese Building, hosted the seminar, Wang Zengqi, Shi Tiesheng, Li Tuo, radar, Zeng Zhennan highly praised the "transparent carrot."
At the end of 1985, Zhang Jie in West Germany to att秦皇岛癫痫医院哪家好end the exchange activities, was asked in 1985, what happened in the Chinese literary world, Zhang Jie replied: "To say big things, that is, there Mo Yan." Zhang Jie described "transparent carrot" Is an important signal of the birth of a genius writer.
In 1986, Mo Yan graduated from the Department of Literature, PLA Academy of Art. In the same year in the "People's Literature" magazine published novella "Red Sorghum" caused a great sensation in the literary world.
In 1987, Mo's novella "Happy" was published in the "People's Literature" magazine one or two issue, because of the then "against bourgeois liberalization" movement was criticized, "People's Literature" magazine editor Liu Xinwu To suspend investigation, this issue has also been destroyed and destroyed.
In February 1988, the "Red Sorghum" adaptation of the film of the same name at the Berlin Film Festival won the Golden Bear Award, became the first to obtain the highest level of international film festivals of the Chinese film.
In April 1988, Mo Yan published a novel "Paradise garlic sprout song", and later this social critical works by the then political turmoil, once only published in Hong Kong and Taiwan. The famous American sinologist Ge Haowen see this novel, was very shocked, decided to start translation of Mo Yan novel, Ge Haowen also became the future of Mo Yan works to the world hero.
In the autumn of 1988, Mo Yan participated in the Chinese Writers Association commissioned by the Beijing Normal University to do postgraduate classes, Lu Xun College of Literature during the period, Mo Yan created a long satirical novel "wine country", was known as the creation of Ge Haowen the most imaginative, the most complex Chinese novels.
In 1991, Mo Yan received a master's degree in literature and癫痫病患者治疗期间需要注意些什么 art from the Graduate School of Lu Xun College of Beijing Normal University.
In 1992, Explosions and other stories in the first English translation of Mo Yan's works were published in the United States and translated by Janice Wickeri and Duncan Hewitt. "Like Faulkner, Mo Yan leads readers into a world of imaginative freshness and self - sufficiency," commented the American Journal of Heavyweight Literature.
In 1993, translated by Ge Haowen "Red Sorghum" English translation in Europe and the United States, caused a warm response, was "World Literature Today" named "1993 the world's best novel." "The New York Times" commented: "Through the" red sorghum "this novel, Mo Yan Gaomi Northeast Township placed in the world literature on the map.
In 2000, Mo Yan by virtue of "wine country" won the French Ruhr Batai Yong foreign literature award. In the same year, "Red Sorghum" selected "Asian Weekly" named "20th Century Chinese novel 100" (18).
In 2001, Mo Yan's "Red Sorghum" became the only Chinese novel in the 75 years (1927-2001) selected by World Literature Today.
In 2003, Mo Yan 's short story collection "Master more and more humor" published in the United States, the United States, "Time magazine" commented: "Mo Yan is the Nobel Prize for Literature.
In 2005, "sandalwood punishment" unanimously nominated Mao Dun literature award primary, when the award-winning voice is very high, and finally to one vote of the election, missed the award. "Sandalwood" failed again led to the literary circles on the Mao Dun literature award controversy. In the same year, Mo Yan won the Italian Nino International Literature Award, the jury praised his work "language passion surging, with infinite rich imagination."
In 2006, Mo Yan won t军海医院是公立吗he Fukuoka Asian Culture Award in Japan, became the second after the arrival of Ba Jin, the second Chinese writer.
In 2008, Mo Yan with "life and death" won the Dream of Red Mansions and the New American Chinese Literature Award.
In 2011, Mo Yan won the South Korea Wanhai Literature Award, became the first to obtain the award of Chinese writers, and by virtue of "frog" won the Mao Dun Literature Award.
October 11, 2012, the Swedish Academy of Liberal Arts announced that the Chinese writer Mo Yan won the 2012 Nobel Prize in Literature, the winning reason is: through the illusion of realism will folk tales, history and contemporary society together. Mo Yan won the Nobel Prize in Literature, the Nobel Prize official website excerpts "Heaven Song Loos song" a chapter, as the introduction of Mo Yan works.
November 30, 2016, Mo Yan a calligraphy works debut, only starting price of 5,000 yuan hammer; 2012 Mo Yan won the Nobel Prize, Mo Yan related works in the film on the highest transaction price up to 977,500 yuan.
In December 2016, he was elected vice chairman of the Ninth National Committee of the Chinese Writers Association.